Anselm Kiefer is a German painter and sculptor known for his works that explore memory, history, and mythology. Born in 1945 in Donaueschingen, Germany, Kiefer emerged as a leading figure of the Neo-Expressionist movement in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Kiefer’s art is often characterized by an aggressive, heavily textured style, combined with a layered symbolism that references everything from German history and culture to Jewish mysticism and the works of poets such as Paul Celan. Many of Kiefer’s works are also monumental in scale, often requiring large exhibition spaces to accommodate their size.

One of Kiefer’s most famous works is his series of paintings titled “The Women of the Revolution,” which features portraits of revolutionary women from various cultures and historical periods. Another notable series is “The Seven Heavenly Palaces,” which consists of large-scale sculptures that reference the Kabbalah and the Jewish concept of the seven palaces of heaven.

In addition to his paintings and sculptures, Kiefer is also known for his installations and mixed media works. One of his most famous installations is “Ages of the World,” which features a collection of lead books and rusted metal plates arranged in a labyrinthine fashion.

Throughout his career, Kiefer has been the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and honors, including the Praemium Imperiale, the Wolf Prize in Arts, and the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.

Despite his success, however, Kiefer’s work remains controversial among some art critics and scholars, who criticize its perceived nationalism and alleged glorification of Germany’s Nazi past. Nevertheless, Kiefer’s contributions to contemporary art remain undeniable, and his work continues to inspire and challenge audiences around the world.